Shoulder joint arthrosis - symptoms and treatment: home and surgical methods

Articular cartilages wear out over time, and progresses dangerous pathology which, in the absence of intensive therapy can lead to disability. Among the potential diagnoses, the doctors do not rule out osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint - the symptoms and treatment are closely interrelated, and begin health problems with acute shoulder pain on the background of the depletion of cartilage. Discomfort continue to trouble the patient day and night, and pain medication without determining the etiology of the pathological process provide only a temporary effect.

arthrosis of the shoulder joint

What is arthrosis of the shoulder joint

The disease is prone to chronicity, inactivity causes complications. To avoid such troubles with health, patients from the risk group should carefully study the peculiarities of the clinical picture. Shoulder joint arthrosis is degenerative exhaustion, where in the pathological process involves not only the cartilage but also the bone tissue. Under the influence of pathogenic factors, and with age, the cartilage thins and breaks, and cracks formed penetrate salt. Such salt deposits destroys the bone, deformed bone.

The symptoms of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint

Osteoarthritis of the shoulder may be a long time is not to disturb the patient because the disease develops more than one year. It all starts with an acute attack of pain, which progresses during excessive exercise. This is the first symptoms of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint, which can occur unexpectedly, but in the future, become the norm of everyday life. With each new attack the patient movement more and more limited, any action that brings pain and a sense of inner discomfort. Other symptoms characteristic of the disease is shown below:

  • limited mobility of the joint;
  • characteristic crunch when movement of the nidus;
  • pain, supplemented by pronounced symptoms of inflammation.

1 degree

Because violation of the motor function progresses gradually, increasing the total clinical status of the patient, doctors there are several stages of osteoarthritis, where the nidus becomes the shoulder joint. Unpleasant symptoms persist, contribute to the formulation of more accurate diagnosis. So, arthrosis of the shoulder joint of 1 degree has the following clinical picture:

  • a slight change in the morphological tissues of the shoulder joint;
  • pain only during exercise;
  • stiffness after a short stage of rest;
  • mild discomfort in the shoulder area;
  • abnormal muscle tone characteristic of the zone.
the degree of osteoarthritis

2 degrees

The above specified characteristics of the disease should alert the patient. Otherwise rapidly developing arthrosis of the shoulder joint of 2 degrees, which is problematic to restore impaired cartilage formation. The operation is not required, but for such a clinical picture characterized by the following clinical features:

  • changes in the structure of the tissues of the shoulder joint;
  • crunch when allocating hands to the side;
  • functional limitations of muscles;
  • partial atrophy of the muscular structures;
  • visualization of defects of cartilage.


With the development of the disease need to consult with your doctor to be diagnosed and only after that go to conservative therapy for medical reasons. Need to find out why was able to deform the joint, which preceded it of the pathological process. The main causes of arthrosis of the shoulder joint is described in detail below:

  • of vascular disease with the violation of the systemic circulation;
  • long-term physical load on the shoulder joint;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • violated the metabolism;
  • chronic disease of the endocrine system;
  • injury;
  • large diseases of the joints;
  • age-related changes in cartilage and bone tissue;
  • autoimmune diseases.

Treatment of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint

To start intense therapy immediately, it is important to consult the doctor – a long period of time. Treatment of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint 1 and 2 degrees of conservative and complicated clinical pictures may require surgical intervention. You will have to use painkillers to resolve the troubling symptoms, but you also need anti-inflammatory, analgesic, regenerating means for oral administration. Fruitful treatment of shoulder osteoarthritis includes methods of alternative medicine and diet therapy.

treatment of osteoarthritis


It is important to determine what may cause the pain. After the removal of a provoking factor treatment of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint medications is especially productive. Below shows the pharmacological groups that restore the affected area, enhance tissue regeneration, facilitate the overall clinical wellbeing of the patient:

  1. Chondroprotectors. Herbal composition, which restores nutrition of cells. These drugs should be used in the stage of relapse and remission, and early diagnosis of osteoarthritis in full when restore function of the injured shoulder joint.
  2. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. When degenerative processes in the body remove pain, reduce inflammation. The nidus is no longer bother, the patient begins to walk normally, not feel disabled.
  3. Corticosteroids. In the treatment of osteoarthritis of the representatives of this pharmacological group are sustainable and anti-inflammatory effect. Like any medication, can greatly reduce outbreaks of disease, the cartilage will cease to deteriorate.


Such drugs are used to RUB into the affected shoulder joint. The scope of pathology temporarily ceases to disturb. Medical ointments for osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint is an additional measure in a comprehensive approach to the problem. Since the method of applying topically, the active ingredients do not penetrate into the systemic circulation, and the list of contraindications are minimal. Such medicines are appropriate to use in the elderly and in pregnancy to get a milder effect.

Exercises for osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint

With increased activity of nidus doctors recommend to perform gymnastics. Effective exercises for osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint intended for home run, restore former mobility, relieve unbearable pain. It is recommended to play them in remission, to significantly reduce the number of hazardous attacks. Below are simple training complex for the affected shoulder joint:

  1. Sitting on a chair, put your hands behind your back and tie them to the castle. Well pulled back, leisurely to repeat the exercise several times.
  2. Standing, perform jerks on the elbows behind his back so as to pull the entire spine.
  3. In the standing position, to lock arms in the hands behind, and then perform a circular motion of the shoulders.
  4. With weighting it is recommended to move hands left and right while turning the entire body.
  5. Increased efficiency has exercise, one hand behind his back starts from the shoulder, the other from the waist. You need a good stretch.
  6. In the sitting position place the hands on the knees and relax. Perform slow circular motion of the shoulders clockwise and counterclockwise.
  7. To bring the chair back forward, stepping back a few steps. Hold the back with your hands as much as possible to bend forward.

Physical therapy

Additional exercises allow you to get a quick result, almost instant relief from severe pain in the affected area. Physiotherapy for osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint involves not only the course of the massage, but also physical therapy, paraffin, therapeutic exercise, UHF-therapy, infrared laser therapy, radon and hydrogen sulfide baths, the influence of ultrasound and magnetic fields, electrophoresis. Permanent procedures are not required, quite a few courses with time interval on the recommendation of a specialist.

herpresence treatment

Surgical treatment

If the affected area " does not cease to hurt, and characteristic damage more and more often reminds of himself, there is an urgent need for emergency surgery. Surgical treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder joint often involves the establishment of a prosthesis. This is an invasive method that involves replacement of damaged areas of the joint with artificial elements. In such a progressive way can not only forget about the pain, but allow the hand to move without the previous discomfort.

Treatment of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint folk remedies

Time-tested methods of alternative medicine are no less effective in practice, but merely Supplement the main treatment drugs. Before how to treat shoulder joint at home, it is important to exclude the risk of allergic reactions to plant components correctly pick a reliable recipe with a positive clinical result:

  1. At night, make a compress of cabbage leaf, which efficiently reduces inflammation, improves mobility of the shoulder joint after injury.
  2. To cope with outbreaks of disease when arthritis is capable of healing herbal teas of burdock, chamomile, calendula and nettle. They are recommended to be added to the bath, to do the procedure before bedtime.
  3. The mixture of propolis and pork fat results in shoulder joint in movement without pain, a poultice can be applied n is more than 2 times per day.
  4. Effective treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder joint folk remedies suggests hirudotherapy. Treatment with leeches increases blood flow to the problematic areas, removes symptoms.

Prevention of osteoarthritis

To hit the shoulder joint is characteristic of the disease may at any time, but the disease more vulnerable adults at risk. To avoid this, it is important not to carry heavy weights, avoid prolonged exposure to cold and stressful situations. Adhering to simple rules of prevention of arthrosis of the shoulder joint, it is possible to maintain the mobility and painlessness of the entire musculoskeletal system. If the person was at risk, that's what's important to remember:

  1. To adhere to an active lifestyle, regularly walking long distances.
  2. The above proposed training complex is run three times a week, not treated with repetitions of exercises.
  3. To control their weight and power load on the body to avoid dangerous relapses.
  4. It's time for all to stop Smoking and to completely abandon bad habits, alcohol.
  5. To avoid injury and comorbidities to support the muscles of the shoulder girdle in good shape.