How to treat the joints of the feet and hands

Before determining how to treat the joints of the feet and hands, doctors recommend lifestyle changes. In the process of treatment of diseases of the joints, you need to follow some simple guidelines:

  • to observe proper diet with restriction of consumption of salt, red meat, hot spices, simple carbohydrates;
  • gradually to get rid of extra kilograms that affect the joints of all areas (feet, hands, knees, etc.);
  • to eliminate Smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • to perform light exercise, pool, yoga;
  • every day, take a contrast bath.

What medicines prescribed in the treatment of joints

How to treat the leg joints and the joints on the arms? Primarily prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These include Diclofenac, Ibuprofen. Such funds contribute to the blockage of certain enzymes that are responsible for the development of inflammatory processes. Despite their high efficiency and ability to eliminate pain in joint diseases, such media may cause various side effects.

Acupressure

Less harmful are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of new generation. The duration of application of such, as well as means the old generation should not exceed 2 weeks.

To treat the joints of the feet and hands can using the glucocorticosteroid drugs.

Such is prescribed in the case of ineffectiveness of non-steroidal means. As a rule, corticoid drugs used in the form inside articular injections, which are prescribed for a short time, to avoid the development of side effects.

Inflammation of the leg joints and the upper limb can be stopped with the help of chondroprotectors' that help to rebuild damaged cartilage.

Exercise and massage

Cure sore joints in the legs and upper limbs is possible by performing therapeutic exercises. Physical therapy is prescribed only in remission of the underlying disease, i.e. arthritis or osteoarthritis. With the help of this therapy you can achieve the following results:

  • normalization of blood circulation and drainage of lymphatic fluid in the affected area;
  • to eliminate muscle spasms;
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  • to improve the General condition of the patient;
  • to strengthen the muscles around the joint;
  • to restore mobility;
  • strengthen the inflamed joint, to prevent its further destruction.

If the aching joints of the hands and toes, physical therapy can be supplemented with massage manipulations, which also have their advantages. So, massage helps to eliminate pain and stiffness in the affected joints, restore normal blood circulation and lymph outflow, to prevent muscle atrophy. Also, this technique helps to improve the process of removing exudate, which is going to become inflamed in the joint.

To treat inflammation of the joints caused by diseases such as osteoarthritis and arthritis by using segmental and acupressure. The first kind of procedure involves the study of a particular segment of the body (shoulder, lump near the big toe, the ankle joint, etc.). Acupressure – is the impact on certain points that helps to normalize the functioning of the nervous system, circulation. The result is a better functioning internal organs, the elimination of pain and muscle spasm.

Physiotherapy

To treat joints of the hands and feet is required in conjunction with carrying out physiotherapy. To determine the most effective method can only physician, taking into account existing contraindications, the General condition of man, of the age. The most commonly prescribed ultrasound treatments, magnetic therapy, electrophoresis, radiation therapy.

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Ultrasonic therapy is prescribed to all people with development of arthrosis or arthritis of any location. Therapy must take action creates a massage effect that improves the metabolism in tissues, normalizes capillary blood flow.

Conducting magnetic therapy normalizes vascular tone, improves blood circulation and lymph flow, strengthens the processes of regeneration. All this helps to reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process and its further cure. Distinguish local and General magneto therapy. To choose the most effective method for a person can only doctor.

To cure the diseases of the limb joints using the drug electrophoresis. During the procedure does not occur any discomfort. Already after 2-3 sessions, you may notice that decreased pain, decreased swelling of the diseased joint and the General condition improved. The main advantages of this technique can be called a rare occurrence of side effects and impossibility of damage to the skin for local effects.

Another effective method of physical therapy can be called radiation treatment. This therapy is prescribed in case of impossibility of carrying out other manipulations. In some cases, radiation therapy is administered in combination with any other physiotherapy techniques.

the contraindications to physiotherapy, these include pregnancy, development of tuberculosis in the active phase, atherosclerosis, increased risk of bleeding, increased overall temperature, the development of mental illness or disease of the heart. To contraindications include the presence of prominent tumor growths in the body.

Folk remedies

The treatment of the joints of the hands and feet at home is the use of folk remedies. It can be:

  • honey, which is prepared poultice (honey mixed with salt in equal proportions, then grease the diseased joint, on top of imposing a linen cloth; wrap it ' til the morning, making bedtime);
  • maple leaves to prepare the infusion (the leaves are carefully washed and dried, after which pour boiling water and leave to infuse for 40 minutes; ready means use inside half a Cup at a time thrice a day);
  • calendula, birch bark, willow, nettle leaves to prepare a decoction (components mixed in equal volume, pre-dry, then pour water and put on fire, soaking for 2 hours; the finished tool is cooled and filtered, after which take inside half a Cup at a time thrice a day).

If much pain in the joints of the toes or hands gout and metabolic arthropathies, you need to take calcium salts from the inflamed area. This can be achieved with daily use jelly, dishes of chicken cartilage with the addition of a Bay leaf.

If early treatment of arthritis or osteoarthritis, you will be amazed by all tissues of the joint ligaments, cartilage, bones. In this case not to do without surgical intervention.

What to do if conservative therapy is ineffective

Degenerative dystrophic changes in the tissues of the cartilage and serious deformation of the joint may require surgical intervention. This is necessary if the disease occurs in 3 stage or 2 stage, when there is severe pain which cannot be corrected by conservative methods.

Surgery is an extreme measure, resorted to in the treatment of diseases of the joints and is prescribed only after all other methods of therapy. Today, there are some ways of surgery that will help alleviate the disease, and in most cases is to get rid of it. These include:

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  • arthrodesis, in the course of which completely delete articular tissue and carried out the fusion of nearby bone (this technique is rarely used because it is considered radical and contributes to a significant limitation of limb or another Department, which was carried out);
  • arthroscopy, during which the specialist excision of the tissue necrosis (of the downsides of this procedure can be called a temporary effect, because after a time, degenerative changes can occur again);
  • osteotomy near the joint, during which the rasp is located near the bones and set them at a certain angle, which contributes to the displacement of the center of gravity and reduce the load on the affected joint (this method is rarely used because of the time effect and a long recovery period);
  • arthroplasty, which is to replace the affected joint with an artificial implant (most effective method of getting rid of the disease, which persists for 10-15 years).

To avoid the need for surgery can only systematically control the condition of the joints and time to go to the doctor when the pain first occurs.

08.06.2018