Reasons that could hurt the right or left elbow joint, there are many. This injury, occupational disease, and various inflammatory processes. Doctors with complaints of pain in the elbow often face such diseases.
If a sore arm at the bend on the inner side of the elbow is the main symptom of epicondylitis when inflamed forearm muscles. This disease often occurs in professional tennis players and golfers. The normal movement of the elbow joint discomfort was not delivered, and with increasing loads or repetitive monotonous movements appears diminished strength in the arm, weakness and aching pain.
The most susceptible people after 40 years who, by reason of professional activities always loads of hands, drivers, artists, programmers, graphic artists, typists, weightlifters. Surge of muscles on the inner side of the hands of possible micro damage and inflammation, which leads to overgrowth of scar tissue, calcification and cramps.
Pain during flexion and extension of hands can be a symptom of bursitis of the elbow joint. In injuries of the elbow cells of the synovial membrane begins to produce from inside the joint fluid, which accumulates in the joint capsule. When the amount of fluid increases, there occurs inflammation of the synovial cavities – there is a burning pain, swelling, bruising, swelling, increased body temperature, the skin on the elbow is red.
Bursitis can be two stages: chronic and acute. In acute course of the disease joint hurts badly, and the diameter of the inflamed areas sometimes reaches 10 cm Chronic bursitis does not create acute pain, felt only weak burning sensation in the elbow, but it takes much longer. While the hand maintains the fluidity – inflamed area looks very dense formation. To establish the type of bursitis, doctors take a puncture of the joint capsule.
The pain in the elbow with a load of "tells" that a person develops osteoarthritis. The cause of degenerate and dystrophy diseases is the damage of cartilage in the articular surfaces. At the time of hand movements, the patient can even hear the crunch, but at the touch of the elbow is painless, since there is an intense inflammatory process. If arthrosis of the elbow joint is not treated, it progresses to an advanced stage, thus gradually lost the mobility of his hands, reduced the amplitude of the available movements, as the pathology spreads to other joints.
If it hurts the elbow when you compress a fist, then this may be the reason for developing osteoarthritis. The disease begins due to endocrine abnormalities, metabolic disorders, after surgeries, injuries or damage. In the later stages of osteochondrosis of the elbow joint develops numbness of the fingers, changing the shape of the elbow, a gradual limitation of arms, so it is important when the first symptoms to see a doctor. Getting rid of this insidious disease is considered the most challenging.
Developing arthritis can give not sharp, but aching pain. The cause of this disease is infection or disruption of the immune system. Also a frequent injury of the elbow or wrist, torn ligaments and tendons eventually leads to arthritis. If left untreated, the elbow will increase in volume, becomes thick and hot to the touch. The disease is accompanied by weakness, fever, lack of appetite, constant headache.
If the click is a sharp pain in the elbow, it can be the consequence of severe injury or fracture. Another reason is a torn ligament, muscle or fracture a bone. But if there is no shock there was a sharp pain occurs when the load and pressing on the elbow, it can be displayed, i.e. the source is not joint, and the spine. In radians (reflected) pain the joint is not deformed, the mobility remains unchanged, and the cause may be a pinched nerve root between the spinal hernia.
If there is a different kind of pain in the elbow, you should contact several specialists because it can be caused by various reasons. When the cause is disorder of the cervical spine, it is advisable to see a neuro surgeon and a neurologist, to confirm or exclude the diagnosis. But the disease often occurs on the basis of inflammatory changes, and it only diagnose rheumatologist. If after hitting the elbow swelling and pain, then immediately need to go to the reception to trauma.
To avoid serious consequences for your health need to undergo a thorough diagnosis. An experienced specialist can make a diagnosis and visual inspection, but to confirm the patient still goes to the survey. The main methods of diagnostic are:
Treatment can go traditionally non-traditional and using folk remedies. Often doctors prescribe a complex treatment to quickly relieve pain, to restore mobility of the elbow, to avoid muscle atrophy and to normalize the peripheral blood circulation. Analgesia occurs with the help of medical treatment, electrophoresis and warm compresses. And with inflammatory processes, traditional medicine.
Treatment of diseases of the elbow joint drug method can be carried out externally (ointments, creams, gels), followed by injection (shots) and pills. Basic drugs that effectively relieve pain and inflammation:
If you have any pain in the elbow under load, during a workout or after injury, it is at the forefront of orthopaedic treatment. Orthopedist-traumatologist , depending on the type of damage to the elbow, prescribes the wearing of tight bandages, plaster, in coniciendum, special material, which help immobilize the arm in a stationary state. For the duration of the treatment, they are superimposed from the base of the wrist to the upper third of the shoulder.
Treatment of the elbow with the help of physio treatments always is complex, with drug therapy. With proper and regular use, this combination gives an excellent result. The most effective methods of physical therapeutic treatment:
To cure diseases of the elbow joint with the help of folk remedies preferably in combination with drug therapies and physiological treatments to soon come a positive effect. Folk recipes:
In advanced cases require complete removal of the bursal or her radical cleansing. Such measures are taken when recurrent bursitis or manure for inflammation of the elbow joint. Surgical treatment is called bursectomy, in which over a synovial Bursa is a small incision, and is removed through the drainage of purulent fluid. At full operation, the Bursa is cut out on the olecranon irregularities are removed to avoid recurrence, and then the skin sutured in layers. After surgery the arm is fixed at an angle of 90 degrees by a special bus.